Publications

Burkholder, J. B., S. P. Sander, J. Abbatt, J. R. Barker, C. Cappa, J. D. Crounse, T. S. Dibble, R. E. Huie, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Kurylo, V. L. Orkin, C. J. Percival, D. M. Wilmouth, and P. H. Wine "Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation No. 19," JPL Publication 19-xx, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 2019, http://jpldataeval.jpl.nasa.gov. (Work complete – expected public release in Fall 2019.

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Klobas, J. E. and Wilmouth, D. M.: UV spectroscopic determination of the chlorine monoxide (ClO) ∕ chlorine peroxide (ClOOCl) thermal equilibrium constant, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6205–6215, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-6205-2019, 2019.

The thermal equilibrium constant between the chlorine monoxide radical (ClO) and its dimer, chlorine peroxide (ClOOCl), was determined as a function of temperature between 228–301K in a discharge flow apparatus using broadband UV absorption spectroscopy. A third law fit of the equilibrium values determined from the experimental data provides the expression: Keq = 2.16×10−27 e(8533±...

Clapp, C. E., &  Anderson, J. G. ( 2019).  Modeling the effect of potential nitric acid removal during convective injection of water vapor over the Central United States on the chemical composition of the lower stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,  124,  9743-9770. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029703

Tropopause‐penetrating convection is a frequent seasonal feature of the Central United States climate. This convection presents the potential for consistent transport of water vapor into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS) through the lofting of ice, which then sublimates. Water vapor enhancements associated with convective ice lofting have been observed in both in situ and...

Clapp, C. E., Smith, J. B., Bedka, K. M. & Anderson, J. G. (in press). Identifying Source Regions of Warm Season North American Cross-tropopause Convection and of the Distribution of Convective Outflow. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

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Clapp, C. E. & Anderson, J. G. (in preparation). Modeling the effect of gravity wave temperature perturbations on chlorine activation in the lower stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

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Klobas, J. Eric and David M. Wilmouth. 2019. Volcanogenic chlorofluorocarbons and the recent CFC anomalies. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. https://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/39913598.

This document is a white paper prepared at the request of the Scientific Assessment Panel (SAP) of the Montreal Protocol. We briefly review the literature regarding the volcanogenic production of chlorofluorocarbons within the context of the East Asian CFC-11 emissions anomaly first described in 2018. We conclude that volcanic emissions of CFC-11 cannot account for the observed emissions anomaly.

Wilmouth, D. M., and D. S. Sayres (2019), Rayleigh scattering cross sections of argon, carbon dioxide, sulfur hexafluoride, and methane in the UV-A region using Broadband Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopy, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 234, 32-39, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2019.05.031.

Accurate Rayleigh scattering cross sections are important for understanding the propagation of electromagnetic radiation in planetary atmospheres and for calibrating mirror reflectivity in high finesse optical cavities. In this study, we used Broadband Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopy (BBCES) to measure Rayleigh scattering cross sections for argon, carbon dioxide, sulfur hexafluoride, and methane...

Wilkerson, J., R. Dobosy, D. S. Sayres, C. Healy, E. Dumas, B. Baker, and J. G. Anderson (2019), Permafrost nitrous oxide emissions observed on a landscape scale using the airborne eddy-covariance method, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19 (7), 4257-4268, doi:10.5194/acp-19-4257-2019.

The microbial by-product nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent greenhouse gas and ozone depleting substance, has conventionally been assumed to have minimal emissions in permafrost regions. This assumption has been questioned by recent in situ studies which have demonstrated that some geologic features in permafrost may, in fact, have elevated emissions comparable to those of tropical soils. However,...

Smith, J. P., J. A. Dykema, and D. W. Keith (2018), Production of Sulfates Onboard an Aircraft: Implications for the Cost and Feasibility of Stratospheric Solar Geoengineering, Earth Space Sci. 5, no. 4: 150-162, doi:10.1002/2018EA000370.

Injection of sulfate aerosols into the stratosphere, a form of solar geoengineering, has been proposed as a means to reduce some climatic changes by decreasing net anthropogenic radiative forcing. The cost and technical feasibility of forming aerosols with the appropriate size distribution are uncertain. We examine the possibility of producing the relevant sulfur species, SO2 or SO3, by in...

Wilmouth, D. M., R. J. Salawitch, and T. P. Canty, "Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and Recovery," a chapter in Green Chemistry: An Inclusive Approach, Torok, B., and T. Dransfield (Eds.) Elsevier Publishing, 2018, p.177–209.

This chapter provides an overview of the depletion of Earth’s ozone layer due to human activity and the eventual recovery due to legislation that banned ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and bromine-bearing halon gases. The importance of ozone in protecting life on Earth is introduced, followed by details on how the release of CFCs and halons led to significant...

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